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零点起步,三个月学习《新概念英语》第二册的30课:Lesson 46 Expensive and uncomfortable 既昂贵又受罪

零点起步,三个月学习《新概念英语》第二册的30课:Lesson 46 Expensive and uncomfortable 既昂贵又受罪

 

友情提示:我们说的零点起步并不是指完全的零点,真的希望大家至少能够唱熟五首以上的英语歌曲以后再开始这里的学习。建议大家先读一读《唱熟二千单词,告别“哑巴英语”(建议从这里开始你的英语学习)》栏目里的文章。我们不赞成大家死背课文,但希望大家抽空能多读一读。有些朋友以为只要把课文背了就算掌握了,但事实是就算你一次性背得再熟,只要不经常复习,它们都会在不知不觉中慢慢溜走。许多小朋友都有这样的体会:从学习第一课就开始背,学习到第二十课时也已经背了二十课。但当再回头看第一课时,会发现有很多内容已经忘记了!请相信:绝大多数的东西都需要我们经常复习才可以真正地掌握。从某种意义上说,复习比学习更重要

我们这个系列计划到第50课。我们的目的是希望大家能尽早开始第三册的学习。如果你希望把第二册全部学完,我们相信只要大家认真地把这30课读熟、读懂了,后面的课程你自己就已经可以分析了。如果依然感觉还不是太有把握,请告诉我们,我们会继续增加一些第二册内容。

祝大家都能开开心心地学英语。

 

下面是课文的内容,请大家先读一读:

When a plane from London arrived at Sydney airport, workers began to unload a number of wooden boxes which contained clothing. No one could account for the fact that one of the boxes was extremely heavy. It suddenly occurred to one of the workers to open up the box. He was astonished at what he found. A man was lying in the box on top of a pile of woollen goods. He was so surprised at being discovered that he did not even try to run away. After he was arrested, the man admitted hiding in the box before the plane left London. He had had a long and ncomfortable trip, for he had been confined to the wooden box for over eighteen hours. The man was ordered to pay $3,500 for the cost of the trip. The normal price of a ticket is $2,000! 

 

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下面请跟我们一起来分解分析一下(建议下载《21天免费精通新概念》软件,每天重点听其中的三、四句):

 

When a plane from London arrived at Sydney airport, workers began to unload a number of wooden boxes which contained clothing.

当一架来自伦敦的飞机抵达悉尼机场时,工人们开始卸下装有服装的一批木箱。

When a plane from London arrived at Sydney airport,

当一架来自伦敦的飞机抵达悉尼机场时,

Sydney[5sidni]n.悉尼[雪梨](澳大利亚东南部港市,新南威尔士州首府)

 

联想记忆:

money[5mQni]n.货币, , 金钱

honey[5hQni]n.(), 蜂蜜

 

读一读,比一比: Sydney money honey

 

 

 

workers began to unload a number of wooden boxes which contained clothing.

工人们开始卸下装有服装的一批木箱。

 

unload[5Qn5lEud]vi.卸货, 退子弹(un+load

load[lEud]n.负荷, 重担vt.装载, 装填

 

 

 

a number of wooden boxes which contained clothing

一批装有服装的木箱

a number of adj.许多的

wooden box木箱

wooden[5wudn]adj.木制的(wood+en)

联想记忆:

golden[5^EuldEn]adj.()的,金()色的(gold+en

 

“which contained clothing”是一个定语从句,修饰名词box

contain[kEn5tein]vt.包含, 容纳, 容忍(con+tain

con-是我们强烈建议大家熟记的前缀,请顺带把的兄弟们也拿出来复习一下:com-, col-, cor-, co-

 

clothing[5klEuTiN]n.衣服(cloth+ing

cloth[klC(:)W]n., 织物, 衣料

 

 

==========================

 

No one could account for the fact that one of the boxes was extremely heavy. 

其中有只箱子特别重,可谁也弄不清是怎么回事。

No one could account for the fact that one of the boxes was extremely heavy. 

其中有只箱子特别重,可谁也弄不清是怎么回事。

account for v.说明

 

the fact that one of the boxes was extremely heavy

that one of the boxes was extremely heavy”是名词fact的同位语从句,进一步说明fact这个名词。

 

定语从句也称“形容词从句”,其功能是修饰名词,相当于形容词。

 

同位语从句是名词性从句的一种,其功能是进一步说明名词,相当于名词。

 

 

==========================

 

It suddenly occurred to one of the workers to open up the box. 

突然一个工人想到打开箱子看看。 

 

occur to sb. 浮现在某人的脑海中; 被某人想到

 

occur[E5kE:]vi.发生, 出现

oc- =ob- ,前缀,用在以开头的词根,表“向~”

cur表“跑”

 

open up v.展开, 打开

 

======================================

 

He was astonished at what he found. 

看到的情景使吃惊, 

astonished 惊讶的

astonish[Es5tCniF]vt.使惊讶(as+ton+ish)

as-=ad-(to)

ton源自拉丁语 tonae [袭击]

 

=========================================

 

A man was lying in the box on top of a pile of woollen goods. 

箱内有一个人正躺在一堆毛织品之上。

 

a pile of woollen goods 一堆毛织品

pile[pail]n., 大堆

file[fail]n.文件

woollen[5wulin]adj.羊毛制的(wool+l+en)

wool[wul]n.羊毛, 毛织品, 毛线, 绒线, 毛料衣物

请复习tool, pool

 

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He was so surprised at being discovered that he did not even try to run away. 

他由于被人发现而感到非常吃惊,甚至都没有企图逃跑。

so…that…句型

 

====================================

 

After he was arrested, the man admitted hiding in the box before the plane left London. 

此人被逮捕后,承认他是在飞机离开伦敦前躲进箱里的。 

 

After he was arrested, 此人被逮捕后,

arrest[E5rest]vt.逮捕, 拘留(ar+rest)

ar-=拉丁语 ad- []

rest这里表“静止”

 

 

 

the man admitted hiding in the box before the plane left London. 

承认他是在飞机离开伦敦前躲进箱里的。

admit[Ed5mit]v.容许, 承认, 接纳(ad+mit

ad- [前缀,表“朝向”]

mit源自mittere []

请复习permit, summit

 

 

 

hiding in the box before the plane left London.

在飞机离开伦敦前躲进箱里的

 

hiding in the box躲进箱里

hide[haid]v. 隐藏, 掩藏,...的皮, 痛打n.兽皮, 皮革

side[said]n., 旁边

 

before the plane left London飞机离开伦敦

left[left]vbl.leave的过去式和过去分词adj.左边的, 左倾的, 左侧的, 左派的, 左翼的adv.在左面n., 左边, 左派

 

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He had had a long and uncomfortable trip, for he had been confined to the wooden box for over eighteen hours. 

他经历了一次漫长而又难受的旅程,因为他在那木箱里闷了18个多小时。 

 

He had had a long and uncomfortable trip,

经历了一次漫长而又难受的旅程,

uncomfortable[Qn5kQmfEtEbl]adj.不舒服的(un+comfortable)

un-否定前缀

comfortable[5kQmfEtEbl]adj.舒适的(comfort+able

comfort[5kQmfEt]n.安慰, 舒适, 安慰者vt.安慰(com+fort)

fort源自拉丁语 fortis [强壮]

 

 

for he had been confined to the wooden box for over eighteen hours. 

因为他在那木箱里闷了18个多小时。 

 

confine[5kCnfain]vt.限制, 禁闭n.界限, 边界(com+fine

refine[ri5fain]vt.精炼, 精制(re+fine)

define[di5fain]vt.定义(de+fine)

 

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The man was ordered to pay $3,500 for the cost of the trip. 

此人被责令交付旅费3,500英镑,

 

 

======================================

 

 

The normal price of a ticket is $2,000! 

而正常票价2,000英镑!

 

normal price 标准价格, 正常价格

 

 

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