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零点起步,三个月学习《新概念英语》第二册的30课: Lesson 45 a clear conscience问心无愧

零点起步,三个月学习《新概念英语》第二册的30课: Lesson 45 a clear conscience问心无愧

 

友情提示:我们说的零点起步并不是指完全的零点,真的希望大家至少能够唱熟五首以上的英语歌曲以后再开始这里的学习。建议大家先读一读《唱熟二千单词,告别“哑巴英语”(建议从这里开始你的英语学习)》栏目里的文章。我们不赞成大家死背课文,但希望大家抽空能多读一读。有些朋友以为只要把课文背了就算掌握了,但事实是就算你一次性背得再熟,只要不经常复习,它们都会在不知不觉中慢慢溜走。许多小朋友都有这样的体会:从学习第一课就开始背,学习到第二十课时也已经背了二十课。但当再回头看第一课时,会发现有很多内容已经忘记了!请相信:绝大多数的东西都需要我们经常复习才可以真正地掌握。从某种意义上说,复习比学习更重要

我们这个系列计划到第50课。我们的目的是希望大家能尽早开始第三册的学习。如果你希望把第二册全部学完,我们相信只要大家认真地把这30课读熟、读懂了,后面的课程你自己就已经可以分析了。如果依然感觉还不是太有把握,请告诉我们,我们会继续增加一些第二册内容。

祝大家都能开开心心地学英语。

 

下面是课文的内容,请大家先读一读:

The whole village soon learnt that a large sum of money had been lost. Sam Benton, the local butcher, had lost his wallet while taking his savings to the post office. Sam was sure that the wallet must have been found by one of the villagers, but it was not returned to him. Three months passed, and then one morning, Sam found his wallet outside his front door. It had been wrapped up in newspaper and it contained half the money he had lost, together with a note which said:'A thief, yes, but only 50 per cent a thief!' Two months later, some more money was sent to Sam with another note:'Only 25 per cent a thief now!' In time, all Sam's money was paid back in this way. The last note said:'I am 100 per cent honest now!' 

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下面请跟我们一起来分解分析一下(建议下载《21天免费精通新概念》软件,每天重点听其中的三、四句):

 

The whole village soon learnt that a large sum of money had been lost. 

整个村子很快知道,有一大笔钱丢失了。

 

learnt vbl.learn的过去式和过去分词

learn[lE:n]vi.学习, 听到, 获悉vt.学习, 学会, 认识到(l+earn)

earn[E:n]vt., 挣得, 获得(ear+n)

ear[iE]n.耳朵

大家只要掌握一个learn就最少可以掌握三个单词:ear, earn, learn。如果你有兴趣,还可以再联想记忆lean

lean[li:n]n.倾斜, 倾斜度, 倚靠

 

“that a large sum of money had been lost是谓语动词learnt的宾语(从句)

a large sum of money一大笔钱

had been lost (已经、被)丢了

lost[lCst] vbl.lose的过去式和过去分词

 

友情提示:有很多朋友学习了很多的语法概念却读不懂简单的英语句子,这非常奇怪。我们学习语法的目的是什么呢?不就是为了帮助我们更好地理解英语句子、读懂英语文章吗?如果我们学习了许多的语法,反过来连这么一点小小的目的都达不到,我们为什么还要花那么多的精力去学习所谓的语法呢?建议大家至少在学习的初期一定要把主要精力放在读懂英语文章上。当你能读懂英语文章以后,一定发现很多所谓的语法难题原本是非常简单的东西。

 

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Sam Benton, the local butcher, had lost his wallet while taking his savings to the post office. 

当地的屠户萨姆·本顿在把存款送往邮局的途中把钱包丢了。 

 

Sam Benton, 萨姆·本顿

 

the local butcher 当地的屠户

 

butcher[5butFE]n.屠夫, 屠户

源自 bouc, boc [公羊]

 

 

had lost his wallet

wallet[5wClit]n.皮夹, 钱夹(wall+et

-et-ette表“小”

 

while taking his savings to the post office. 

在把存款送往邮局的时候

savings[5seIvINz]储蓄(sav(e)+ing+s

save[seiv]vt.解救, 保存, 保全, 保留, 节省, 储蓄

 

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Sam was sure that the wallet must have been found by one of the villagers, but it was not returned to him. 

萨姆确信那钱包一定是被某个村民捡到了,可是却不见有人来送还给他。

 

Sam was sure 萨姆确信

 

that the wallet must have been found by one of the villagers,

那钱包一定是被某个村民捡到了,

must have been found 肯定被~发现

 

but it was not returned to him. 

可是却不见有人来送还给他。

return[ri5tE:n]vt.归还; 送回(re+turn

 

=================================

 

Three months passed, and then one morning, Sam found his wallet outside his front door. 

 3个月过去了,后来在一天早晨,萨姆在自己的大门外发现了他的钱包。 

 

Three months passed, 3个月过去了,

 

and then one morning,

后来在一天早晨,

 

Sam found his wallet outside his front door. 

萨姆在自己的大门外发现了他的钱包。

front door n.前门

in front of adv....前面

联想记忆:
frontier[
5frQntjE]n.国境, 边疆, 边境(front+i+er

 

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It had been wrapped up in newspaper and it contained half the money he had lost,  together with a note which said:'A thief, yes, but only 50 per cent a thief!'

钱包是用报纸包着的,里面有他丢失的钱的一半,而且还附着一张纸条,上面写着:“一个小偷,是的,但只是一个50%的小偷!”

 

It had been wrapped up in newspaper 钱包是用报纸包着的,

wrap up v.掩饰, 伪装, 使全神贯注, 围好围巾, 包起来

wrap[rAp]n.外套, 围巾, 包裹, 秘密, 约束, 限制vt.包装, , 缠绕, , 覆盖, , 遮蔽, 隐藏

wr-表“扭”,请复习wrist, write, wrong

 

and it contained half the money he had lost, 

里面有他丢失的钱的一半,

contain[kEn5tein]vt.包含, 容纳, 容忍(con+tain)

 

下面的内容最好有空读一读,但一定不要“背”:

con-= com- [前缀,表“共”](大家最好能够熟悉它们兄弟五个:cor-,col-,co-)[b, p, m 前用 com- l前改用 col- r 前改用 cor- 在元音及 h, g, n 前改用 co- 在其他场合下改用 con-]表示“与, 共, 总共, 全等”

 

tain源自tenee [容纳]

 

 

together with a note which said:'A thief, yes, but only 50 per cent a thief!'

而且还附着一张纸条,上面写着:“一个小偷,是的,但只是一个50%的小偷!”

together with adv., 加之

 

a note which said:'A thief, yes, but only 50 per cent a thief!'

 

which said:'A thief, yes, but only 50 per cent a thief!'是定语从句,修饰名词note

 

said[sed]vbl.say的过去式和过去分词

 

50 per cent 百分之五十

 

per cent[pE5sent]n.百分数

 

percent[pE5sent]n.百分比, 百分数(per+cent

cent表“百”,centi表“百分之一”,meter表“米”,请猜一猜centimeter表示什么意思?相信你猜到它的意思以后一定会感慨:英语单词真的挺好玩呀!

 

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Two months later, some more money was sent to Sam with another note:'Only 25 per cent a thief now!' 

又过了两个月,又有一些钱送还给了萨姆,又附了一张字条:“这回只是25%的小偷了!” 

 

Two months later, 又过了两个月,

 

some more money was sent to Sam又有一些钱送还给了萨姆,

sent[sent]vbl.send的过去式和过去分词

 

with another note:'Only 25 per cent a thief now!'  又附了一张字条:“这回只是25%的小偷了!” 

 

=====================================

In time, all Sam's money was paid back in this way. 

很快,萨姆全部的钱都用同样的方式还了回来。 

paid[peid]vbl.pay的过去式和过去分词

in this way adv.这样

 

===========================================

 

The last note said:'I am 100 per cent honest now!' 

最后的那张字条上写道:“我现在是一个100%的诚实人了!”

 

I am 100 per cent honest now! 我现在是一个100%的诚实人了!

honest[5Cnist]adj.诚实的; 正直的(hon+est

honor[5CnE]n.尊敬, 敬意, 荣誉, 光荣vt.尊敬, 给以荣誉(hon+or)

hour一样,honest开头的h不发音。

 

 

题解:a clear conscience问心无愧

to have a clear conscience 问心无愧

to have a guilty conscience心中有鬼(问心有愧)

 

conscience[5kCnFEns]n.良心, 道德心(con+sci+ence

science[5saiEns]n.科学, 自然科学, 理科(sci+ence)

sci表“知道”,-ence名词后缀

 

 

 

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评论 (1条) 发表评论

  • 高三方正 (游客) : nothing is difficulty to a man who wills.现在读第二册的文章觉得轻松多了,so easy!:-)

    2010-11-22 12:22

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