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练英语、学梵语:Devanagari(梵文字母, 天城体)

练英语、学梵语:Devanagari(梵文字母, 天城体)

Rigveda manuscript in Devanāgarī (early 19th century)

 

Devanagari[7deivE5nB:^Eri]n.梵文字母, 天城体(deva

deva源自梵语表“神秘的”:

deva[5deivE]n.(印度神话的), 善灵; 梵天

nagari源自nāgara-的阴性词 [城镇的],源自 nagaram [城镇]

 

Devanagari (  /5deɪvə5nɑːɡəriː/; Hindustani: [d̪eːʋ5naːɡri]; Devanāgarī — compound of "deva" and "nāgarī" ), also called Nagari (Nāgarī, the name of its parent writing system), is an abugida alphabet of India and Nepal.

It is written from left to right, does not have distinct letter cases, and is recognizable (along with most other North Indic scripts, with few exceptions like Gujarati and Oriya) by a horizontal line that runs along the top of full letters.

 

Devanāgarī is the main script used to write Standard Hindi, Marathi, and Nepali.

 

Since the 19th century, it has been the most commonly used script for Sanskrit.

 

Devanāgarī is also employed for Bhojpuri, Gujari, Pahari, (Garhwali and Kumaoni), Konkani, Magahi, Maithili, Marwari, Bhili, Newari, Santhali, Tharu, and sometimes Sindhi, Dogri, Sherpa and by Kashmiri-speaking Hindus. It was formerly used to write Gujarati.

 

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