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English words derived from Sanskrit.

English words derived from Sanskrit.
NOTE: Just to make it clear the below list does not contain Sanskrit words that have been directly borrowed into English in recent times like Karma, Avatar, Mantra, Guru, Cheetah, Pundit, Juggernaut, Nirvana, Lakh etc but lists only those English words which were derived from Sanskrit as English evolved by borrowing words from Greek/Latin etc.

Root Sanskrit Word
Median Word in Latin(L) / Greek(G) / Arabic(A)
Derived English Word
Gau (meaning Cow)
Bous (G)
Cow
Matr (meaning Mother)
Mater (L)
Mother
Jan (meaning Generation)
Genea (G)
Gene
Aksha (meaning Axis)
Axon (G)
Axis
Navagatha (meaning Navigation)
Navigationem (L)
Navigation
Sarpa (meaning Snake)
Serpentem (L)
Serpent
Naas (means Nose)
Nasus (L)
Nose
Anamika (means Anonymous)
Anonymos (G)
Anonymous
Naama (means Name)
Nomen (L)
Name
Manu (means First Human)
??
Man/Men/Human
Ashta (meaning Eight)
Octo (L)
Eight
Barbara (meaning Foreign)
Barbaria (L)
Barbarian
Dhama (meaning House)
Domus (L)
Domicile
Danta (meaning Teeth)
Dentis (L)
Dental
Dwar (meaning Door)
Doru
Door
Dasha (meaning Ten)
Deca (G)
Deca
Madhyam (meaning Medium)
Medium (L)
Medium
Kaal (meaning Time)
Kalendae (L)
Calendar
Kri (meaning To Do)
Creatus (L)
Create
Mishra (meaning Mix)
Mixtus (L)
Mix
Ma (meaning Me/My)
Me (L)
Me
Pithr (meaning Father)
Pater (L)
Father
Bhrathr (meaning Brother)
Phrater (G)
Brother
Loka (meaning Place)
Locus (L)
Locale
Maha (meaning Great)
Magnus (L)
Mega
Mala (meaning Dirt/Bad)
Malus (L)
Mal as in Malicious, Malnutrition, Malformed etc
Makshikaa (meaning Bee)
Musca (L) (Meaning Fly)
Mosquito
Mrta (meaning Dead)
Mortis (L)
Murder
Na (meaning No)
Ne
No
Nakta (meaning Night)
Nocturnalis (L)
Nocturnal
Paad (meaning Foot)
Pedis (L)
Ped as in Pedestrial, Pedal etc
Pancha (meaning Five)
Pente (G)
Penta, Five
Parah (meaning Remote)
Pera (G)
Far
Patha (meaning Path)
Pathes (G)
Path
Raja / Raya (meaning King)
Regalis (L)
Royal
Sama (meaning Similar)
Similis (L)
Similar
Sapta (meaning Seven)
Septum (L)
Seven
Sharkara (meaning Sugar)
Succarum
Sugar / Sucrose
Smi (meaning Smile)
Smilen (L)
Smile
SthaH (meaning Situated)
Stare (L) (meaning To Stand)
Stay
Svaad (meaning Tasty)
Suavis (L)
Sweet
Tha (meaning That)
Talis (L)
That
Tva (meaning Thee)
Dih
Thee
Vachas (meaning Speech)
Vocem (L)
Voice
Vahaami (meaning Carry)
Vehere (meaning to Carry) (L)
Vehicle
Vama / Vamati (meaning Vomit)
Vomere (L)
Vomit
Vastr (meaning Cloth)
Vestire (L)
Vest
Yauvana (meaning Youth)
Juvenilis (L)
Juvenile
Narangi (meaning Orange)
Naranj
Orange
Pippali (meaning Pepper)
Piperi (G)
Pepper
Chandana (meaning Sandalwood)
Santalon (G)
Sandalwood
Chandra (meaning Moon)
Candela (L) (meaning light / torch)
Candle
Chatur (meaning Four)
Quartus (L)
Quarter
Shunya (meaning Zero)
Cipher (A)
Zero
a (prefix meaning “not” ex: gochara – agochara)
a (L)(G) (prefix meaning “not”)
a (prefix meaning “not” ex: theiest-atheist
an (prefix meaning “not” ex: avashya – anavashya)
un (L)(G) (prefix meaning “not”)
un (prefix meaning “not” ex: do-undo
Arjuna (meaning Charm of Silver)
Argentinum (L)
Argentinum – Scientific Name of Silver
Nava (meaning New)
Novus (L)
Nova – New
Kafa (meaning Mucus)
Coughen
Cough
Mithya (meaning Lie)
Mythos (G)
Myth
Thri (meaning Three)
Treis (G)
Three
Mush (meaning Mouse)
Mus (L)
Mouse
Maragadum (meaning Emerald)
Smaragdus (L)
Emerald
Ghritam (meaning Ghee)
??
Ghee
Srgalah (meaning Jackal)
Shagal (Persian)
Jackal
Nila (meaning Dark Blue)
Nilak (Persian)
Lilac
Srgalah
Shagal (Persian)
Jackal
Man (Ma as in Malaysia) (meaning Mind)
Mens (L)
Mind
Upalah (meaning Precious Stone)
Opalus (L)
Opal
Vrihis (meaning Rice)
Oriza (L)
Rice
Upalah (meaning Precious Stone)
Opalus (L)
Opal

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